A Commentary on Homer's Odyssey, Volume II: Books IX-XVI by Alfred Heubeck, Arie Hoekstra

By Alfred Heubeck, Arie Hoekstra

This moment quantity of a big three-volume remark compiled by means of a world group of students comprises detailed discussions of diction within the Odyssey and the culture of epic diction mostly.

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Extra resources for A Commentary on Homer's Odyssey, Volume II: Books IX-XVI

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These lines continue the 'deliberation scene' from 299-304. Odysseus is thinking how he can (Ei 1rws) successfully (emphasized by the para tactic clause ool71 ... )t(J~VT/; cf. xxi 338, /l. f>alvEro). 316. Lw, lit. "building") evil in the depths ({Jv86s, {Jvuu6s) of my heart'. LEVw is used without further specification of the KaKa concerned; here it means 'violent actions' against Polyphemus. , Od. ). Obviously two formulaic expressions have been combined here. LEVw cf. v. {Jv86s. 317. E~Xot;: 'an achievement of which one can boast'; cf.

They live in natural 20 BOOK IX 105-106 caves, each for himself without regard for the others ( 113-15). This initial description is supplemented in 125-30: the Cyclopes know nothing of shipbuilding and seafaring. Other details, given later, complement the picture: Polyphemus knows no al8ws (26g, 272-3); and he respects neither the gods nor the sacred laws of hospitality (275-6). The sociological implications are clear: the poet has painted a picture of a people on the lowest cultural level, devoid of all that gives human life its distinctive quality.

217. o>, 'law', is not attested in Homer). 219. Tapaol ('flat baskets for drying cheeses') are presumably the same as the rrA£KToi TaAapot of 24 7, into which the fresh soft cheeses are forced; cf. 0. Panagl, ,ZAnt. xxii (I 972), 78-9. Tupwv: for Tvp6c; cf. M ye. tu-ro 2 PY Un 7I8 etc. 221-3. €pxaTo: 'they were penned in'; the explanation of this and related forms is difficult and much disputed; cf. v. £ipyw, Beekes, Laryngeals, 62-3, who suggests a root *sergh-. rrp6yovo1, /LETaaaat, and £paa1 must surely refer to older, younger, and new-born sheep respectively.

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