A grammar of epic Sanskrit by Thomas Oberlies

By Thomas Oberlies

The 2 nice epics of (old) India, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, are written in a language, which differs from so-called classical Sanskrit in lots of information. either texts nonetheless are of a big value in India and different international locations. due to this, a grammar describing all of the varied features of epic Sanskrit has been overlooked before. The Grammar of Epic Sanskrit will now shut this hole.

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Example text

Ace. 1, (instr. ) hrinfihhyam. 2 - (6) confusion of nom. and acc. pI. of the f. (a) i- and (b) {-stems, of _ (c) the ii-stems and (d) of the stem up- (... 6, 2. 31): (a> acc. (oqara)pmiktaya&. KB XVl 8,14, (b) nom. tira'k-f�, AB IV 25,10', acc. patnya�, KB V 9,23, (c) acc. pI. taml(J&. 5. (d) ace. pl . lipa�. A8 VIll 1 7. 1. AA [J 4,1 (occurs also in RV) - (7) paradigmatic ievellingJ (... 35): (loc. 12. (acc. ) "han(J�, TS, VS6 - (8 ) transfer of stem (... 3 . omai& (- °/6man_). 2. pefo- (- pe,vos-).

P. 1064 - Introduction - XLVII Mjddle lndo-Aryan, in wbich quite a number of these 'irregularities' have become the regular for ms 1: (3) shortening of long vowels at the seams of 'compounds' (see OBER­ LIES 200 1 , 30 I§ 2c) 1 39 1§ 2b) 1 5 1 I§ 2bl') (5) coalesccnce of f. 1)) (6) confusion of nom. of the f. 7]) (10) °sati- "sa- in numerals (see OBERLtES 200 I : 196) (12) omission of samasanta-suffixes (see OBERLIES 200 1 : 136 n. 7) (13-14) omission or wrong addition of the augment (see OBERLIES 200 1 : 242 with n.

Almost) all cases of (a) hiatus (.... 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 - 1 . 7), of (b) sandhi of pra­ grhY{l vowels (.... 3) and of (e) double sandhi (.... 8) can be explained as due to fixed parla-Iength. a' type ofthe Iri$(ubJI see ElXiERTON ( 1939: 163). , ) • , There are a 101 of examples for this lengthening achieved by the transfer ofi- to ,. stenls (.... 3). ubll. Pacta a of tbis stanza has ucila{l. See AiGr. lJ, 1 § 43b n1m. 16d, ekii dina aI/allium! C. ) R 7,896·(d). iikhari ubhe C. A). R 1,26. 7d, pallfhii -�.

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