A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests by Frances Fischbach RN BSN MSN, Marshall B. Dunning III BS

By Frances Fischbach RN BSN MSN, Marshall B. Dunning III BS MS PhD

Now in its 8th variation, this top entire handbook is helping nurses convey secure, powerful, and knowledgeable take care of sufferers present process diagnostic exams and tactics. The ebook covers a large variety of laboratory and diagnostic assessments and reports which are brought to different sufferer populations in diversified settings. assessments are grouped based on specimen and function/test kind (e.g. blood, urine, stool, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.). each one attempt is defined intimately, with step by step information on right method, tips for actual interpretation, and directions for sufferer education and aftercare. scientific indicators spotlight serious defense info.

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Blood collection equipment includes gloves, needles, collection tubes, syringes, tourniquets, needle disposal containers, lancets for skin puncture, cleansing agents or antimicrobial skin preparations, and adhesive bandages. 6. 8). 7 Errors in Collection Specimen Errors Collector Errors Insufficient volume Transport delay Improper type Improper collection method Insufficient number of samples Wrong specimen container Wrong transport medium or wrong or absent preservative Incorrect documentation; wrong date or time Storage at incorrect temperature Air bubbles in tube Incorrect order of draw Unlabeled or mislabeled specimen and/or wrong patient identification information Improper centrifugation time Incorrect storage Improperly completed forms or computer data entry Test tapes cut in half Discrepancies between test ordered and specimen collected Failure to properly transcribe and process orders Note: Observing institutional protocols can prevent mishaps.

So that reimbursement completely covers diagnostic services provided, be sure to include proper documentation and proper current procedural terminology (CPT) codes. Note the dates that laboratory service is performed and specimen is collected (must use). 3 lists laboratory tests that are covered by most insurance carriers, both private and government. qxd 2/26/08 3:05 PM ● Page 15 Pretest Phase: Elements of Safe, Effective, Informed Care 15 Methodology of Testing Follow testing procedures accurately.

Sterile, dry containers and special kits are needed for midstream clean-catch urine specimens. 4. Oral, saliva, and sputum specimens require specific techniques and kits and, sometimes, special preservatives. 5. Blood collection equipment includes gloves, needles, collection tubes, syringes, tourniquets, needle disposal containers, lancets for skin puncture, cleansing agents or antimicrobial skin preparations, and adhesive bandages. 6. 8). 7 Errors in Collection Specimen Errors Collector Errors Insufficient volume Transport delay Improper type Improper collection method Insufficient number of samples Wrong specimen container Wrong transport medium or wrong or absent preservative Incorrect documentation; wrong date or time Storage at incorrect temperature Air bubbles in tube Incorrect order of draw Unlabeled or mislabeled specimen and/or wrong patient identification information Improper centrifugation time Incorrect storage Improperly completed forms or computer data entry Test tapes cut in half Discrepancies between test ordered and specimen collected Failure to properly transcribe and process orders Note: Observing institutional protocols can prevent mishaps.

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