By Ruslan Mitkov
Instructing desktops to resolve language difficulties is without doubt one of the significant challengesof common language processing. there's a great amount of attention-grabbing researchdevoted to this box. This publication fills an current hole within the literature with anup-to-date survey of the sector, together with the author¿s personal contributions.A variety of varied fields overlap in anaphora answer ¿ computationallinguistics, ordinary language processing (NLP), grammar, semantics, pragmatics,discourse research and synthetic intelligence. This booklet starts off via introducingbasic notions and terminology, relocating onto early learn equipment andapproaches, contemporary advancements and functions, and destiny directions.It addresses a number of concerns with regards to the sensible implementation of anaphorasystems, akin to principles hired, algorithms carried out or evaluationtechniques used. this can be a great reference e-book for college students and researchersin this actual region of computational linguistics.Since anaphora answer is essential for the improvement of any functional NLPsystem, the booklet might be of curiosity to readers from either academia andindustry.
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Extra info for Anaphora Resolution (Studies in Language and Linguistics)
1, p. 36. London: Parragon Book Service, 1994. Enid Blyton, The Famous Five and the Stately Homes Gang, Ch. 19, p. 140. London: Knight Books, 1985. N-bar in the X-bar notation, see Jackendoff (1977). Paulina Simons, Eleven Hours, p. 5. Flamingo: Great Britain, 1999. Hotline, Autumn 1999, p. 9. Note that while did can be regarded as substitution, it does not have a referring function. The Sunday Times, 14 May 2000, p. 20. Alex Garland, The Beach, Prisoners of the Sun, p. 213. Penguin, 1997. The Sunday Times, 14 May 2000, p.
However, for more conclusive results further analysis involving larger and more representative samples is needed. Hitzeman and Poesio’s analysis looked at 83 pronouns only; Fraurud’s findings were based on a sample consisting of 600 pronouns, and so cannot be regarded as definitive either. Ariel (1990) conducted a corpus-based analysis and concluded that demonstrative anaphors89 were normally longer-distance anaphors than pronouns, but the distance between definite descriptions or proper names and their antecedents may be even greater.
7. In addition to establishing coreference between two definite noun phrases in copular relation, another interpretation would be that the definite noun phrase after the verb to be has a predicative, rather than a referential function. See Lyons (1977), volume 2, p. 185 for related discussion. The Express, 15 April 2000, p. 119. The Independent, 28 November 2000, p. 1. Example from Hirschman et al. (1997). My interpretation is different from that adopted in the MUC (Message Understanding Conference) coreference task (see Chapter 6) where indefinite predicate nominals are regarded as coreferential with the NP they apply to.