By Rudy Loock
This publication sheds new mild on Appositive Relative Clauses (ARCs), a constitution that's often studied from a purely syntactic perspective, against Determinative (or Restrictive) Relative Clauses (DRCs). during this quantity, ARCs are tested from a discourse/pragmatic perspective, independently of DRCs, with a purpose to offer a favorable definition of the constitution. After a presentation of the morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of ARCs, a taxonomy in their capabilities in discourse is tested for either written and spoken English in accordance with the result of a corpus-based research. Constraints are then outlined inside of an information-packaging method of syntactic constructions to teach why audio system decide upon ARCs over different competing allostructures, i.e. syntactic buildings that fulfil related discourse services (e.g. nominal appositives, self reliant clauses, adverbials, noun premodifiers, topicalization). the outcome is a deeper realizing of the richness of ARCs of their ordinary contexts of use.
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Extra resources for Appositive relative clauses in English : discourse functions and competing structures
5bis) Yet who when he was not asked would sometimes recount bizarre anecdotes of those immemorial trenches and mudscapes, as if speaking of things remote and fantastical in which his involvement was purely speculative. How, for example, 17 18 Appositive Relative Clauses in English the Flanders eels, countless numbers of which had forever made their abode in those watery and low-lying regions, undeterred by the cataclysmic conflict that was devastating their haunts, found their way into flooded saps and even into shell craters, where there was no shortage of well-ripened food … (6) Who trapped eels himself in his native Fens.
The fact that only an NP containing a DRC (72) can be replaced with the pronoun one is not a direct proof that the whole string is a constituent. Furthermore, it must be noted that one stands for an antecedent that represents a referential entity: as ARCs do not intervene in the referential construction of NPs, it is perfectly natural that the pronoun one cannot stand for the content of the ARC. 3 The use of certain adverbs. We have already mentioned that one semantic difference between ARCs and DRCs is the possibility for ARCs to represent a speech act that is independent of the speech act in the MC.
But it does not really solve the status of the RC: in (126) for instance, is the RC still determinative or appositive if we consider that the antecedent has found its reference independently of the embedding of the RC? The question remains open to debate, which is why this study on ARCs does not include such examples and relies only on “traditional” ARCs. 3 An operational dichotomy? 1 Problems linked to the original binary opposition From the very beginning, the dichotomy was based on considerations formulated to define the properties of restrictive/determinative RCs as opposed to other kinds of RCs.